OKHULAKANA OKHUHIA - ZABURI

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OKHULAKANA OKHUHIA - ZABURI : New Testament in Lunyole. Nyole (also LoNyoleLunyoleNyuli) is a Bantu language spoken by the Luhya people in Tororo DistrictUganda near Lake Kyoga. There is 61% lexical similarity with a related but different Nyole language in Kenya

Nyole has an interesting development from Proto-Bantu *p ? Nyole /?/. Schadeberg (1989) connects this sound change to rhinoglottophilia, where the sound change developed first as *[p] ? [?] ? [h]. Then, given the acoustic similarity of [h] and breathy voice to nasalization, the sound change progressed as [h] ? [h~] ? [?]. The velar place of articulation development is due to velar nasals being the least perceptible of the nasals and its marginal status in (pre-)Nyole and other Bantu languages. In closely related neighboring languages, *p developed variously into /h/ or /w/ or was deleted.

This historical development results in so-called "crazy" alternations, like /n/ + /?/ resulting in /p/ as in the following:

n-?uliira ("hear" stem form) : puliira "I hear"
n-?umula ("rest" stem form) : pumula "I rest"

In the above two words, when the first person singular subject prefix /n-/ is added to the stem starting with /?/, the initial consonant surfaces as /p/. In other forms (like /oxu-?uliira/ "to hear" and /oxu-?umula/ "to rest"), the original stem-initial /?/ can be seen.

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